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演示文稿, 科学出版物 | 2020-09-18

ESMO2020: 索凡替尼SANET-ep研究按Ki-67和原发肿瘤起源的亚组分析

标题: 索凡替尼治疗晚期高分化的非胰腺神经内分泌瘤的随机、安慰剂对照的III期临床试验(SANET-ep)按Ki-67和原发肿瘤起源的亚组分析
主要作者: 中山大学肿瘤防治中心 胃胰科主任 周志伟
会议环节: 电子海报展示
摘要编号: 1165P
日期: 2020年9月17日(星期四)

Background

Surufatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (1,2,3), fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 and colony stimulating factor 1 receptor, has demonstrated superior efficacy in extrapancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in a phase III study (SANET-ep, ESMO 2019 Abs. LBA76). The proliferation marker Ki-67 and primary tumor origins are the major prognostic factors in NETs.

Methods

The post-hoc efficacy analysis of surufatinib versus placebo was conducted by Ki-67 subcategory (<3%, 3-10%, >10%) and primary tumor origins (foregut, midgut, hindgut, others or unknown) in patients (pts) with advanced well-differentiated (grade 1 or 2) extrapancreatic NETs. The primary endpoint (progression-free survival [PFS]) and secondary endpoint (objective response rate [ORR]) both by investigator assessment (RECIST1.1) were analyzed.

Results

Median PFS was significantly prolonged with surufatinib compared to placebo in subgroups of Ki-67 3-10% (7.6 vs 4.6 months [mo], hazard ratio [HR] 0.47, P=0.0012), Ki-67 >10% (8.3 vs 2.1 mo, HR 0.14, P<0.0001), foregut (8.4 vs 4.6 mo, HR 0.29, P=0.0001) and hindgut (8.3 vs 2.1 mo, HR 0.35, P=0.0014). There was numerical PFS improvement with surufatinib compared to placebo in the rest subgroups: Ki 67 <3% (13.9 vs 7.4 mo, HR 0.43, P=0.0557), midgut (19.2 vs 8.9 mo, HR not analyzed due to small sample size) and unknown origin (9.2 vs 5.5 mo, HR 0.56, P=0.2943). ORR in the subgroups of Ki-67 <3%, 3-10%, >10% with surufatinib were 4.8%, 7.7%% and 20.0% respectively. There was no objective response in the placebo arm. ORR in the subgroups of foregut, midgut and unknown origin with surufatinib was 18.4%, 16.7% and 10.0% respectively while no response was observed in subgroups of hindgut or other origins.

Conclusions

Surufatinib demonstrated clinically significant benefits for pts with advanced well-differentiated extrapancreatic NETs compared to placebo. Results of this exploratory analysis were consistent with those reported for the SANET-ep primary analysis, and improved outcomes were observed across major subgroups.

 

Clinical trial identification: NCT02588170.

Legal entity responsible for the study: Hutchison MediPharma Limited.

Funding: Hutchison MediPharma Limited.

Disclosure

J. Li, J. He: Full/Part-time employment: Hutchison MediPharma Limited. W. Su: Shareholder/Stockholder/Stock options, Full/Part-time employment: Hutchison MediPharma Limited. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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